Archive for » August, 2014 «

How to incorporate exercise on your next vacation

Vacation does not need to be a time of guilty pleasures. The key to truly enjoying your next vacation lies in activity. Follow these simple rules and you won’t come home hiding your summer tan:

1) Walk

Walking is by far the no-brainer. Whether you’re relaxing in Hawaii, or sightseeing in Paris, you can and must walk. As any New Yorker will tell you, city living demands some leg work. Paris, Rome, Bavaria, Barcelona, they’ve all seen the soles of my shoes. The advantage on vacation? You don’t know the city. You might walk up and down those metro stairs five times before you’ve figured out which train to catch. If a tropical island is more your vacation cup-of-tea, look around you! No excuses. A beautiful blue beach is calling you to disappear into the sunset. Stairs or sand, your butt will love you.

2) Dive In

Taken literally or figuratively, this second rule is the most rewarding for the active vacationer. There is the obvious physical benefits of spending the day in the pool, or taking a surfing class on Hamoa beach, yet these are mere avenues to an exciting world of holiday exercise. The truly active vacationer never lets the moment pass. Never say, tomorrow’, or I’m too tired.’ Immerse yourself in this new culture. Take the detours. Live like the locals. Venture through exotic market places, climb all the Spanish steps don’t snap a shot from the caf, join in the tomato fight in Bunol don’t watch it from the hotel couch.

3) Have Fun

Who ever said the volleyball nets, or the bicycles, are for kids? Vacation is about letting go, relaxing. Having fun is a far greater stress reliever than lying by the pool as you flit away thoughts of: “will that kid stop screaming,” “sunglasses tan – no!”, or “boy I hope that man with the free martini’s doesn’t come my way”. Sweat the stress away. Simply ask yourself, “would I find this fun as a kid?” If not, you’re probably not getting the exercise you need. Next time your boyfriend says let’s go for a swim, race him there!

4) Sweat the Little Things

As much as you really like the thought of not having to make your own bed, the truth is; you’re storing energy you not need. Don’t give the maid your chance to burn some extra calories. She’s not the one eating chocolate souffl for dessert! If this is a luxury you can not bear to relinquish, then compromise. Enjoy your first two days of breakfast in bed; spend the rest taking the walk over to the buffet, or out to the local market. Don’t mistake relaxing for laziness.

Nueva Hipótesis De Construcción De La Pirámide De Keops

HIPÓTESIS DE CONSTRUCCIÓN DE LAS PIRÁMIDES

DEL VALLE DE GIZEH (Giza).

- RESUMEN -

Autor : Lic. Carlos E. Rodríguez Varona

Coautor : Téc. Dámaso René Rodríguez Vives

Derechos reservados bajo licencia No. 90–2003 del CENDA (Centro Nacional de Derecho de Autor). La Habana, Cuba.

INTRODUCCIÓN

La siguiente hipótesis pretende demostrar la probable técnica utilizada para la construcción, específicamente la elevación y ubicación a determinada altura, de los elementos constructivos que componen las pirámides egipcias del valle de Gizeh, en específico la pirámide de Keops. Se expone una teoría que utiliza dos tipos de rampas: las de carácter estático, situadas en el interior del cuerpo de la pirámide, construidas con el cuerpo de ésta; y otras más pequeñas de carácter dinámico, ubicadas sobre los escalones de los niveles, de estructura flexible y variable, fácil de trasladar y maniobrar respecto a las anteriores. Presentando ambas una ángulo de inclinación casi nulo en la pendiente.

Las piezas están colocadas en forma de aparejo al estilo soga de sillería, por lo que se encuentran sujetas – o mordidas – por la masa que se encuentra encima distribuida firme y uniformemente de forma permanente. En las referencias bibliográficas aparecen los fundamentos generales de las teorías anteriores.

Esta hipótesis presenta 4 rasgos que constituyen conceptos totalmente novedosos respecto a las hipótesis anteriores:

• Las pequeñas dimensiones que poseen respecto a las pirámides y el ángulo de inclinación casi nulo que poseen respecto al plano horizontal, de 3.9 grados.

• El espacio donde se desarrolla esta hipótesis lo constituyen los escalones y bordes que poseen los niveles de la pirámide.

• El primer tipo de rampas emplea rampas, plataformas y soportes, que van colocados sobre los escalones que conforman los niveles; cantidad que varia según la altura y el tipo de elemento a subir.

• El segundo tipo utiliza pequeñas secciones de los bordes de los niveles que aumentan en longitud y profundidad dentro del nivel según avanza la construcción de la rampa, acorde con las dimensiones que se requiere tenga la misma.

El objetivo de este trabajo consiste en enunciar la probable técnica utilizada para construir la pirámide mediante el uso de rampas para elevar las piezas, sin abarcar la totalidad del proceso constructivo de la misma; teniendo presente que éste constituye el aspecto fundamental para llevar a cabo la construcción: sin una técnica para transportar las piezas no es posible hacer nada.

PRIMER TIPO DE RAMPA

La construcción del modelo se realiza mediante el siguiente procedimiento: tomando dimensiones aproximadas a las de los bloques que componen la pirámide, utilizando formas geométricas básicas, un breve razonamiento físico – matemático y medidas de longitud comunes en aquella época; se escoge un ángulo adecuado para la pendiente que posibilite anular casi completamente la acción de la fuerza de gravedad; confeccionándose una rampa que satisfaga las dos condiciones fundamentales:

• Transformar el trabajo de elevar los bloques en vencer la fuerza de rozamiento al arrastrarlos y no en vencer la acción de la fuerza de gravedad sobre ellos.

• Posibilidad de trasladar los bloques de manera cómoda, segura y rápida, haciendo posible realizar complejas maniobras con un mínimo de riesgo; aún cuando esto implique recorrer mayores distancias y trasladar un mayor número de piezas que componen las rampas debido a la necesidad de aumentar el volumen y las dimensiones de la misma.

Estas dos condiciones, de obligatorio cumplimiento para los dos tipos de rampas, constituyen la premisa teórica que sustenta esta hipótesis.

Para el caso específico del modelo de rampa patrón confeccionado para determinar el ángulo de la pendiente, las medidas utilizadas fueron – empleando el codo bíblico como longitud:

• Altura inicial: 0.45 metros (1 codo),

• Altura final: 2.70 metros (6 codos, incluyendo la altura inicial),

• Longitud de la rampa: 33.75 metros (75 codos),

• Ancho (opcional): 1.8 metros (4 codos) – (el ancho varia según la altura en le caso del segundo tipo de rampas)

Mediante el Teorema del Triángulo rectángulo de Pitágoras, se determina el ángulo de inclinación que tendrá la pendiente, lográndose el resultado buscado. De forma aleatoria: no se utiliza algún procedimiento específico para calcularlo. Este procedimiento se refleja en los anexos. Las medidas se escogen según la necesidad de elevar los objetos hasta determinada altura y posición. Puede observarse cómo diseñar rampas de distintas longitudes conforme a lo anterior en los anexos. Las dimensiones y el ángulo de inclinación que poseen las rampas son mayores de lo que realmente pudieran haber sido. Esto es válido también para el segundo tipo de rampa. Esto evita discutir las cuestiones relacionadas con las medidas reales.

El primer tipo presenta un conjunto estructural complementario conformado por dos plataformas horizontales: la primera destinada para ubicar los bloques, como un lugar intermedio entre la rampa y el nivel al lado de la misma para colocarlos posteriormente sobre dicho nivel o elevarlos por otra rampa paralelamente ubicada; y la segunda como soporte para sostener las rampas y plataformas que sobresalgan de los escalones. Es característica fundamental el casi nulo ángulo de inclinación: 3.9 grados de pendiente respecto al plano horizontal. Esto equivale a trabajar sobre superficies casi totalmente horizontales. El mismo se obtiene a partir de dimensiones escogidas aleatoriamente.

Se obtiene un método eficaz para elevar objetos de cualesquiera dimensiones de un nivel a otro, empleando un sistema de rampas capaz de variar sus dimensiones rápidamente utilizando más de un nivel como soporte para ajustarse a las necesidades existentes. Esto permite combinar varios conjuntos con el objetivo de utilizarlos de forma alterna para elevar los elementos en secciones complicadas. Esto aparece ejemplificado en las figuras. Esta cualidad cobra gran validez en el caso de la construcción de las cámaras y habitaciones interiores y los niveles más altos de la pirámide.

Este primer tipo sería fundamental en la construcción de la parte más alta – el llamado PIRAMIDON – utilizándose para esto varias caras, para realizar el acabado final de las caras, y para corregir desperfectos o rematar detalles durante el proceso constructivo; en la transportación de las joyas, símbolos y demás piezas funerarias; y en el sellaje de las cámaras y rellenado del camino. El proceso de rellenado de los escalones en la parte más alta, donde supuestamente no caben por la longitud tan reducida que poseen las aristas de los niveles respecto a la longitud que poseen las rampas, se realizaría de forma vertical. O sea: se rellenarán los espacios de los escalones inferiores donde se encuentra la rampa, de forma que las secciones rellenadas correspondan con el plano vertical de la misma.

La utilización de este primer tipo es esencial a la hora de concebir la pirámide debido a la cualidad que la caracteriza: es una estructura fácil de mover, aunque resulte considerable el número de piezas que la componen. Esto posibilita desmontarla completamente en cualquier momento de la construcción para colocarla en otro lugar. Deja de ser un objeto estático, posibilitando diseños de gran complejidad y dadas sus amplias posibilidades para variar sus dimensiones, se adapta fácilmente al lugar, posición y maniobra que se requiera durante el proceso constructivo.

SEGUNDO TIPO DE RAMPA

Consiste en aplicar el tipo anterior utilizando una nueva variante: usando rampas iguales pero de dimensiones mayores, combinadas con el cuerpo de la pirámide. Estas rampas serían las utilizadas a gran escala para realizar la mayor parte del trabajo, empleada para transportar la mayor cantidad de bloques y elementos constructivos. La altura está expresada por la cantidad de niveles que ocupan, la cual obedecerá a la exigencia de avanzar más rápidamente en el trabajo.

La longitud debe ajustarse para conservar el ángulo de la pendiente de 3.9 grados. El objetivo consiste en vencer la fuerza de rozamiento y no la fuerza de gravedad. Constituyen grandes y largas rampas construidas utilizando secciones tomadas de los bordes de los niveles, cercanas a los escalones de la pirámide, pero ubicadas sobre los niveles. Presentan grandes longitudes, cercanas a los 80 metros como se muestra en la tabla de medidas. Y la altura inicial es análoga a las del primer tipo: un codo de altura y una superficie superior conformada por bloques casi cúbicos con una pendiente de inclinación de 3.9 grados.

Las secciones de los bordes de los niveles –o de las esquinas, según el caso– literalmente son absorbidas por las rampas a medida que éstos últimos se van construyendo, utilizando como plataforma para soportar la rampa los niveles inferiores. Por lo que la pirámide se convierte en la vía para subir las piezas, sin necesidad de escalones ni plataformas.

Se toman los bloques de determinadas secciones de los bordes de los niveles para construir la base sobre la cual se construirá la rampa. La cantidad tomada disminuye horizontalmente en cada nivel a medida que se construye, pues la longitud de la rampa disminuye a medida que aumenta la altura: La dirección de las rampas dependerá de la trayectoria inicial tomada.

El volumen que ocupan las rampas propiamente es el conformado por la parte de la pendiente únicamente, o sea, el volumen correspondiente a la sección limitada entre la pendiente y el plano horizontal corresponde a la rampa propiamente dicha. El resto son los bloques de los niveles. El ancho de la rampa equivale al de varios bloques o escalones, para permitir transportar varios elementos a la vez u otros de mayores proporciones. La rampa se construye adentrándose hacia el interior de la misma a medida que se avanza en la construcción, mediante un trayecto que las interconecta, manteniendo la pendiente de 3,9 grados. Semejando una enorme escalera lateral con forma de zig-zag dentro de la pirámide. Esto permite trasladar cualquiera de las piezas que componen la pirámide, sin importar las dimensiones y/o la masa que posean, hasta cierta altura.

Si existe necesidad de variar el sentido de dirección porque se interpone algún obstáculo: un pasaje, una cámara, un fallo o accidente, una esquina, u otro detalle; se determina si es necesario cambiar el sentido, las dimensiones, continuar sobre una cara u otras, reemplazarlas por las del primer tipo, etc., brindando un proceso bastante dinámico. Pero teniendo en cuenta que una vez construidas no es posible volver hacia atrás pues los bloques que componen el cuerpo de las rampas no se pueden quitar ya que forma parte de lo que ha sido construido.

El segundo tipo de rampa resulta de fusionar las del primer tipo repetidas varias veces una al lado de la otra en varios niveles; aprovechando como plataformas de soporte para los elementos constructivos y para las anteriores rampas, los bloques que se encuentran al final de las rampas montadas sucesivamente y los que quedan por debajo de las secciones tomadas en los bordes de los niveles, respectivamente. Se utilizará para construir la mayor parte de la pirámide. Cuando se llegue a una altura donde no exista espacio para instalarlas se disminuyen sus dimensiones. Y cuando no se pueda seguir reduciendo las dimensiones, se sustituyen por las del primer tipo. Esto incluye además la posibilidad de combinar, temporalmente o no, los dos tipos de rampas para superar obstáculos o aplicar técnicas constructivas determinadas.

Resulta ventajoso destinar una sección o área fija de la cara para trabajar con las rampas. Esto facilita el diseño y la planificación del trabajo, pues las secciones empleadas son más fáciles de controlar, reservando la utilización de las restantes secciones para posibles problemas o variaciones del diseño.

Todo esto posibilita confeccionar una maqueta de la pirámide para determinar cómo va a ser construida, dónde van colocadas las rampas y cómo serán utilizadas.

Planificando acertadamente, se posee un margen de errores que facilita superar fallos o modificaciones necesarias, permitiendo ejecutar acciones acordes con las necesidades y posibilidades existentes.

Y al llegar a la parte más alta de la pirámide – que incluye el PIRAMIDON – se utiliza el primer tipo de rampas y finalmente se rellenan los espacios utilizados por las rampas del segundo tipo. Esta última operación se lleva a cabo de forma descendente empleando el primer tipo: el primer tipo de rampas se utiliza de forma permanente en la etapa final.

Este trabajo no pretende exponer un ejemplo concreto que muestre el procedimiento exacto para construir la pirámide, donde se especifique la utilización de los dos tipos de rampas, pues los dos modelos de rampas aquí expuestos pueden ser utilizados empleando disímiles variantes técnicas en cualquier construcción donde se empleen rampas. Se incluyen los anexos relacionados al final con este fin: utilizarlos como guía para elaborar un determinado y exacto procedimiento constructivo. El objetivo de esta hipótesis consiste solamente en transmitir la técnica; no el procedimiento.

CONCLUSIONES

Esta técnica presenta varias ventajas y aportes respecto a las existentes anteriormente:

Posee un fundamento preciso y razonable respecto a las anteriores hipótesis existentes. Emplea las rampas de manera eficiente, utilizando medidas conocidas y una técnica concreta, sin presentar graves inconvenientes como son: constituir un riesgo para la seguridad personal de los constructores, ser demasiado costosa; no establecer de forma clara, sencilla y adecuada a las condiciones de aquellos tiempos, un procedimiento técnico fiable que garantice el proceso constructivo. A su vez, permite disuadir de pensar en recurrir a métodos o procedimientos tales como los de carácter sobrenatural o extraterrestre.

Conforma un modelo seguro y fiable que sirve como herramienta fundamental en el diseño y construcción de la pirámide, posibilitando planificar de forma exacta la misma, calcular el tiempo de construcción, la cantidad de recursos, personal y elementos técnicos necesarios.

Esta hipótesis acarrea implícitamente la posibilidad que el faraón contara con una técnica segura que le permitiera tomar la decisión de construir la pirámide.

Esta hipótesis, de validarse desde el punto de vista histórico, replantea el enigma de la construcción de la pirámide orientando la incógnita del enfoque investigativo dirigida a descubrir cómo fue calculada y diseñada la pirámide y cómo fueron elaboradas, colocadas y construidas todas sus piezas y secciones.

Este trabajo no descarta la posibilidad del uso de otras técnicas expresadas con anterioridad que pudieran servir como complementarias, pues pudieran ser aplicadas al realizar maniobras singulares o transportar elementos específicos como pudieran ser enormes piezas. Además, está dirigido a facilitar un estudio y comprensión de la arquitectura del antiguo Egipto. Es, en parte, un reconocimiento al desarrollo socio – cultural alcanzado por los antiguos egipcios. Es el motor impulsor de este trabajo fundamentar hasta donde sea posible, una hipótesis de carácter lo más razonable y cercano posible a las condiciones técnicas y socio – culturales que existieron en aquel entonces.

De esta forma quedan planteadas las rampas de esta hipótesis; las cuales a primera vista pueden resultar ineficaces debido a lo pequeñas que parecen con respecto a las dimensiones de la pirámide; pero que poco a poco, utilizándolas de forma sistemática, proporcionan una solución bastante consistente y satisfactoria respecto al dilema de la técnica utilizada para elevar las piezas, posibilitando utilizar estas rampas en la construcción de una pirámide con la complejidad y el tamaño que se desee, como se verá más adelante. Con una adecuada planificación y diseño, se pueden utilizar de forma efectiva colocándolas sistemáticamente paralelas a y sobre los escalones, de forma continua para conformar una trayectoria a través de una o varias de las caras – según el diseño del arquitecto – por donde se puede transportar los elementos.

REFERENCIAS BIBLIOGRAFICAS

I. Aldred, Cyril, Aparición de los reyes – dioses. Primer florecimiento del antiguo Egipto. / Piggott, Stuart, El despertar de la civilización. Los enigmas de las antiguas culturas revelados, Ed. Labour, S.A. Barcelona, España, 1963.

II. Enciclopedia digital ENCARTA, Edición año 2000. Microsoft Corporation.

III. Moreux, T. (Abate), La ciencia misteriosa de los faraones, Ed. Sabian, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1956.

IV. Pijoán, José, El arte egipcio hasta la conquista romana / Summa Artis: Historia general del arte, Ed. Espasa – Calpe, S.A. Vol. III. Segunda edición, Madrid, Epaña, 1945.

V. Sitio web: Touregypt: http://www.touregypt.net/antiq.

VI. Sitio web: Biblioteca del Congreso de los Estados unidos: mailto: lcweb.loc.gov.

VII. Sitio web: Biblioteca Universidad Zaragoza: http://wzar.unizar.es

VIII. Stadelmann, Rainer, Las pirámides, colosales obras de ingeniería, Rev. “El correo de la UNESCO”, número El Egipto de los faraones, Ed. Maury – Imprimeur S.A., año XLI, Septiembre de 1988.

ANEXOS

TABLA DE DATOS PARA EL CÁLCULO DE LA UTILIZACIÓN DE LAS RAMPAS (SIN TENER EN CUENTA EL TIPO)

Cálculo para N-codos de altura, de la longitud de la rampa, respecto al ángulo de la pendiente (3.9 grados), teniendo en cuenta que la altura total no contiene a A1 (0.45 metros):

Fórmula:

Longitud (D) = (Altura)/(cot(ángulo))

Cálculo para determinar la altura hasta la cual se puede utilizar la rampa:

Fórmula:

Altura (A) = ((230.4/2)-(longitud de la rampa/2))/(146.6/(230.4/2))

Tabla de resultados:

Medidas: Altura(H): Longitud(D): Altura en la pirámide:

1 codo 0,45 metros 6,6008 metros 82,6697 metros

2 codos 0,90 metros 13,2017 metros 80,2314 metros

3 codos 1,35 metros 19,8025 metros 77,7931 metros

4 codos 1,80 metros 26,4034 metros 75,3548 metros

5 codos 2,25 metros 33,0042 metros 72,9165 metros

6 codos 2,70 metros 39,6050 metros 70,4782 metros

7 codos 3,15 metros 46,2059 metros 68,0399 metros

8 codos 3,60 metros 52,8067 metros 65,6016 metros

9 codos 4,05 metros 59,4075 metros 63,1633 metros

10 codos 4,50 metros 66,0084 metros 60,7250 metros

11 codos 4,95 metros 72,6092 metros 58,2867 metros

12 codos 5,40 metros 79,2101 metros 55,8484 metros

Nota: El ancho de la rampa dependerá de las necesidades para transportar los objetos, partiendo de un ancho mínimo equivalente al doble del que posee el objeto a transportar.

CALCULOS DE LOS PARAMETROS DE LA RAMPA PATRON

Cálculos de la rampa

Parámetros:

Altura inicial de la rampa: A1: 0,4500 Metros

Altura final de la rampa: A2: 2,7000 Metros

Longitud de la rampa: B: 33,7500 Metros

Ancho de la rampa: L: 1,8000 Metros

Fórmula para hallar el ángulo de inclinación:

Ángulo(ƒ): (ƒ)= Arcot(B/(A2-A1)) = 1/Arctan(B/(A2-A1));

siendo: cot(ƒ) = (B/(A2-A1))

cot(ƒ)=1/tan(ƒ)= 15,0000

(ƒ)= 3,9054

A Country Within A Country: Travel To Barcelona

The distinctive regional culture of Barcelona is largely due to geography and a plentitude of national pride and elitism. Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, one of Spain’s 17 semi-autonomous states. The regional language is Catalan, along with the national language of Castilian Spanish. There has long been pressure from the Catalonian government and nationalists to earn complete autonomy from Spain. Consequently, the exclusive culture can be difficult to adjust to and there is significant animosity towards foreigners around the main tourist street of Las Ramblas. To thoroughly enjoy the sweet life and gentle hospitality of Barcelona, leave this busy area and explore the many diverse districts, endless with possibility.

Café Life and Nightlife for the Night Owl

Barcelona is truly a city that never sleeps, particularly during the warm Mediterranean summers. Avoid standing out like a sore thumb by eating dinner when the locals do: after 10 p.m. It is common to see children, grandparents and the family dog gathering at the outdoor cafes at these hours when the day’s work is finished and time for friends and family has commenced. Since Barcelona hosted the Olympics in 1992, the city has been revamped with visitor friendly attractions such as the massive Olympic Village, a string of swanky restaurants, state-of-the-art nightclubs and boutiques along the beach. Most nightclubs do not get going until after 1 a.m. and club-goers typically wander out onto the beach around 5:30 to watch the sunrise over the Mediterranean.

A Modernista Mecca

The architectural wonders of Barcelona will keep even the most novice eye bewildered and intrigued. Antoni Gaudi decorated Barcelona with his treasures of modernism as a painter on a canvas. The grand boulevard of Passeig de Gracia is lined with elaborately adorned Casa Batllo and Casa Mila, both with the most intricate rooftops known to modern architecture. Arguably the most stunning of Gaudi’s work is the Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia. Each of the church’s facades are meticulously designed with different themes and styles combining nature with religion and the soaring towers topped with mosaic grapes are built around a conch-like coiled staircase that visitors may choose to take instead of the elevator. Another tribute to Barcelona’s artistic heritage is the Palau da la Musica Catalana. A view of the glass and mosaic inverted chandelier on the ceiling of the theater is alone worth the visit. Daily tours are offered in addition to the regularly held musical performances. Afterward, get lost in the tiny twisting passages of the surrounding historic Gothic Quarter.

Traveling Barcelona Right Not Your Weekend Visit

It is best to avoid traveling to Spain in August, when most of the locals (and most of Mediterranean Europe) take their vacations. Chances are that the restaurant you wanted to visit will be closed and museums will have extremely curtailed hours. August can also be uncomfortably hot.

Barcelona should be traveled with care and patience. The only disappointment visitors have is the inability to see all of the city’s landmarks and hidden corners in a realistic amount of time.

Romantic Getaways In Barcelona

But if you and your partner are looking for something a bit different, then there is no better city in the world than Barcelona to get your pulse racing again.

Romance is one thing. The place you stay is something else altogether. You cannot hope to have a romantic getaway without the proper accommodation. Wherever you go, you will be spending a good chunk of your time in your hotel, holiday apartment or resort. If the accommodation is not up to your expectations, then your romantic holiday will not get off on the right note.
It is not only staying in the right place that should make a difference. You have to stay in the right location to avoid having to travel too far to the romantic places you wish to visit while you are in Barcelona.

One place you should consider is Hotel Girona. The hotel is situated in proximity to the main city centre. Set in modernist architecture, the hotel has an understatement of romance and elegance. The interior has maintained an element of its originality and is a true reflection of Barcelona’s rich history. The outside terrace area is the most romantic and provides the perfect intimate setting for any couple looking for some quiet time.

If you are the type of person who is looking for something a little different, then Hotel Arts should provide you with just that. It is not your mainstream idea of romance, but rather provides the views that all seaside holidays should be made of. The hotel is slightly pricier than other Barcelona getaways, but its minimalist styling and panoramic views should make it all worthwhile. The hotel bar serves over 500 wines, so even the most discerning palate should find no reason to complain. Couples can spend romantic pampered days in the spa, followed by a sunset walk along the promenade.

If you prefer not to stay right in the city centre, then Hotel Relais d’Orsa should be perfect. The hotel is located a half hour from the city centre and is a true taste of Spanish elegance. The hotel is styled in original 18th century finishings. Situated on a hilltop, the views of Barcelona are breathtaking. The hotel combines old charm with all the modern amenities you could wish for. The surrounding area is as green as you will find anywhere in the world and is the perfect setting for a quiet, romantic getaway.

There are too many places to mention where to stay in romantic Barcelona. There is so much choice in the way of hotels, accommodation and holiday apartments that whatever your tastes, you will find the perfect romantic setting.

Spains Catalonia

Catalonia encompasses a large part of the Spanish Pyrenees. There are some wonderful national parks for nature lovers to explore as well as skiing in the winter season. The coastline is well known for the popular resorts along the Costa Brava and Costa Daurada and the not so well known holiday region of Costa Garraf.

Barcelona is the capital of the region and offers the possibility of a city and beach holiday combined. It is home to a busy port and as a city is on a par with Madrid in all aspects. The cathedral is a popular attraction for visitors as well as Las Ramblas in the old part of the town, probably one of the most famous streets in the country. It is busy and thriving at all hours with its picturesque buildings, cafes and shops which lead down to the seafront.

Girona is another historic city to visit in this region. Like Barcelona, Girona also has in the old town, la Rambla de la Llibertat, a street full of busy shops and cafes. There is also a cathedral as well as museums. Many visitors take day trips to Girona from the coast, but it also has a very good choice of restaurants and places to stay.

The Costa Brava – the Wild Coast – is part of the Catalonian coastline within the province of Girona and can be found to the north of Barcelona. Although the Costa Brava has many busy holiday resorts there are still quieter beaches to be found such as Santa Cristina.

To the south are three of the busiest destinations; Lloret de Mar, Tossa de Mar (which is an old fort town) and La Platja d’Aro. L’Estartit is also popular and has a marine reserve which is excellent for scuba diving.

If you want to get away from the beaches and travel inland you will find the medieval villages of Peratallada, Peralada and Pals.

Looking for holiday villas Costa Brava, choose from our wide selection of properties in this beautiful region of Catalonia.

The Costa Garraf, is a little heard of region of the Catalonian Coast between the city of Barcelona and the Costa Daurada.

Located by the Llobregat delta, the Costa Garraf forms a low lying region with long sandy beaches, against steep sided cliffs. Vilanova i la Geltru is a popular resort as is Castelldefels and Sitgues, one of the most popular towns along this stretch of coast.

With its clear waters and pleasant climate, vacationing in a holiday rental along this coast offers up plenty of opportunities with Barcelona situated not too far to the north east. There are many apartments in Barcelona, ideal for a short break before spending the remaining time lazing by the pool of your Costa Garraf villa.

The Costa Daurada – the Golden Coast – of approximately 240km has many long, sandy beaches and runs from Tarragona northwards to Barcelona. Tarragona is a major industrial port but still has many of the remains of its Roman history. To the south of the city is Port Aventura, one of the largest theme parks in Europe.

To the north of Tarragona is the town of Sitges which is a lively resort and is popular amongst the Spanish and holidaymakers alike. The local restaurants serve many Catalan dishes.

The resort of Salou and Cambrils found to the south are amongst the busiest and have safe, shallow waters which are ideal for family holidays in one of the holiday villas Costa Daurada.

Organising a Stag Party or Hen Do in Spain

Organising a Stag or Hen do in Spain might seem like a simple task. All you need to do is arrange a date, book hotel rooms in probably Barcelona or Madrid, organise flights for everyone and buy some wigs or some inflatable toys for the lucky person getting married. However, you will soon find that you forgot to do a few things. Imagine the scene: it’s Saturday night, you’re all dressed up (all 20 of you) and you are all hungry. You start looking for a place to sit down and eat. But you soon realise that everywhere is busy. Everyone starts getting angry and that anger is focused at you, because you’re the one who is supposed to be sorting everything out. In order to avoid such problems, here’s a quick guide on what you need to do to make your experience one to remember, rather than one to forget.
Make some arrangements prior to landing: book a restaurant for the main evenings, as restaurants on Friday and Saturday nights in Barcelona and Madrid are often busy with both locals and tourists eating out. Apart from that, even if you can find a place with a couple of spare tables, many will not want anything to do with a rowdy group of girls dressed as Dame Edna. So ring up beforehand, check it’s ok, book a table and leave a deposit if necessary. Many places have someone who can speak English, so there shouldn’t be any problems.
Whichever accommodation you choose, make sure it is central to where you want to be and check the price, location and acceptability of large groups, before booking. Often, holiday apartments offer better price and flexibility, so it’s worth looking into before booking a hotel.
Try to speak at least a little of the local language. A quick “hola”, “gracias” or “Que tal?” will go down amazingly well, and break the ice for the evening ahead.
Arrange a few daytime options for those that don’t want to drink heavily in the evenings. Groups are often mixed and some will simply not wish to stay out drinking and dancing until 7am the next morning. So have some activities prepared for those that wish to get up early. The ones that don’t want to come can easily stay in bed and just meet up for the next round of dinner and/or drinks.
Offer mobile telephones or make sure that everyone has their home mobile telephone with international roaming activated – not all operators offer this by default, so check with your mobile phone operator before leaving.
Pass round a few local numbers (the hotel or apartment company where you are staying, your friends of course, a taxi company and perhaps the police, just in case).
Finally, remember that Spanish people are not used to crowds of outrageous men or women singing songs, removing clothes, shouting, screaming, etc., so try and show some respect for your hosts. The best way to do this is prepare an itinerary before you go. Then, not only will you and your friends have a great time, but your hosts will enjoy the fun too. Follow these simple instructions and this will be an experience that everyone remembers fondly…

The Must See Attractions In Barcelona, Spain

If you think you are in need of a vacation, then Barcelona Spain is just the place you need to pay a visit. Barcelona is a place with history, culture, customs and excitement. Although Barcelona is full of culture and history there are fun things to do in the city as well. One thing that comes to buying it surfing along the Costa Brava. The waves are big, the winds are strong and you can surf for miles. Many people come to this area for some great surfing because of the waves. You will find that the beaches are just as beautiful as anywhere else in the world. The white Sandy beaches with the blue waters in the background are inviting.

Sailing along the Costa Brava is just as much fun. You can rent a sailboat or have a guide take you. The coastline is beautiful from the water and Barcelona has a beautiful coastline that can be enjoyed from a sailboat. If sailing is in for you, you might enjoy a boat Regatta race. Many of the sailing clubs hold Regatta races for visitors to see. If you have never seen a Regatta race you must see one why you are in Barcelona. If you have never done any sailing or surfing you can sign up and take classes while you are in Barcelona. This is just going to make your vacation more enjoyable.

The Mediterranean climate, water temperatures and sunny skies is why people travel to Barcelona, Spain. Barcelona is really about one thing and that is fun and excitement. After you have had a day in the sun, you can enjoy some fine cuisine at one of the many restaurants in Barcelona. You will find that the restaurants have America cuisine, Italian cuisine, French cuisine and Spanish cuisine. Whatever your taste is you will find a restaurant in Barcelona that has just what you want.

If you are looking for a little bit of nightlife in Barcelona, you will find that after the Sun goes down everybody gets out and enjoy some dancing, music and a few drinks. Although the fun and excitement starts a little later at night, you have nowhere to be the next day so enjoy some fun with the locals. You will see how they dance, how they enjoy the night and what they do to relax after a long day. After a night out, you might need a nice day relaxing by the pool or on the beach soaking up some sunrays.

One thing is for sure when you take your holiday to Barcelona your going to have exciting days, exciting nights and see so many different things. Traveling and vacations are not just about seeing historical sites they are about having fun, doing the things that you remember. You can plan your trip to Barcelona and plan to do just about anything. Take some time to enjoy the beaches, take some time to see the sights, but always make sure to have fun.

Family Camping Holiday Barcelona Spain

Are you planning a vacation holiday some time in the near future? If so, you might want to consider one of a number of hidden resorts which until recently few international travelers have ever heard about. These are cost-conscious mobile home communities which feature a lengthy list of amenities that are highly competitive with major hotel chains. While cost is a major consideration for most travelers, this is one of the attractive features associated with these new holiday resorts. But, price is not the only selling point that makes them attractive. The family oriented laid back style of these communities, increased safety and 24 hour security are also primary reasons why families traveling with children prefer them. One such resort where I have recently stayed is situated in Vilanova I la Geltru a mere 50km from Barcelona Spain. Not only is there a number of organized activities offered to guests, there is also plenty of freedom to do whatever you desire while there. I highly recommend anyone traveling to the Costa Dorada to consider staying with Paramount Places. I was amazed at the superior personal service, trans-portation, amenities and beautiful beach that was within a short walking distance. In short, if you are considering spending your holidays in Spain this year, then ‘Camping Holiday Spain’ from Paramount Places is well worth a look. Intense fun is waiting to be had for the whole family; both parents and children alike. All of this in a very safe and secure family environment.

FC Barcelona Players: Samuel Eto’o

Samuel Eto’o, although he seems to have been playing at the top level for such a long time, was, in fact, born in March 1981 in Nkon, Cameroon. Seemingly followed by controversy, Eto’o signed for Real Madrid as a 16 year old and had, to put it mildly, a strange relationship with the club from then on.

Firstly, upon his arrival at Madrid airport, young Samuel was famously forgotten about – a young black African with no Spanish hanging around an airport; an inauspicious beginning. After uneventful loan spells at Leganés and Espanyol, the coltish-looking Eto’o found himself loaned out to Mallorca, where he really began to show off his credentials.

Scoring 54 goals, Eto’o became the islanders’ highest league goal scorer and developed a real affinity with the supporters there – and he famously scored a spectacular individual goal against Madrid in the Bernabeu! Eto’o enjoyed his relationship with Mallorca so much that, when they reached the Copa del Rey final in 2003, he paid out €30,000 on a meal for them!

At the end of his loan spell, the Real Madrid supporters were almost unanimous in their desire for Samuel to return to the capital and compete for the forward positions with Raul and Ronaldo. What followed was a summer of continuous speculation and argument and eventually, for €24 million, the player signed for Barcelona – something that still annoys many Real Madrid fans.

Since then, Eto’o has scored goals galore for the Catalan giants. In his first, championship-winning season, Eto’o scored 25 league goals, including the title-clinching strike at Levante. He reached 50 goals in just 67 matches – a club record.

In addition to wining African Footballer of the year a record three times in succession from 2003, Samuel was part of the Cameroon side that won the African Cup in 2000 and 2002 and was runner-up in 2008. Previously, he had been the youngest player, at 17 years and 3 months, in the 1998 World Cup. He was the pichichi, top goal scorer, in La Liga in 2005/06, when, of course, he scored an equalising goal in the Champions’ League final against Arsenal.

Controversy has never been far away, however. After winning the league in 2005, Eto’o made the mistake of singing an abusive song about Madrid during the on-pitch celebrations. He has also been famously outspoken in his denouncements of racial abuse chanted in grounds – even threatening to walk off during one league game at Zaragova. Furthermore, there were times during 2007/08 season when Samuel Eto’o seemed a very forlorn figure, when his relationship with some of the other players was not at its best. At the end of the season, it seemed that the club were determined to transfer Ronaldinho, Deco and Eto’o, the perceived bad influences at the club. Eto’o, though, with typical determination, was adamant that his future was still with Barcelona – and he has proved to be absolutely correct.

Samuel Eto’o is fast, two-footed, brave and a totally committed team player and arguably the best centre forward in modern football.

Spain’s Most Superior Holiday Destination?

Barcelona is arguably Spain’s most stunning holiday destination; it is a true Mediterranean gem and basks proud in the spotlight. It is one of the most eye-catching cities with its striking architecture, grand landmarks (like The Olympic Stadium), beautiful countryside and long, beach-strewn coastline – all set against brilliant sunshine and blazing blue skies.

Images of Antoni Gaudi’s architecture are what perhaps most readily spring to mind when we picture Barcelona and it is not many cities that can conjure up such a striking mental image. Gaudi studied architecture in Barcelona as a teenager in the late 1800’s and his creatively designed buildings are scattered throughout the city centre.

With their weird, wonderful and instantly recognisable design – incorporating an awe inspiring mix of spindling towers, coloured patterned mosaic tiles, gothic crosses, sinister looking chimeras and spider web window panes – his buildings have an austere and wacky beauty that play a huge part in setting Barcelona in a class of its own.

Perhaps his most famous design is The Sagrada Familia, on which Gaudi spent 43 years – the last 12 years of which were devoted entirely to the project. It is as fitting an example as any of the superiority of the Barcelona experience; a culture that takes a deep sense of pride and care in making Barcelona a delight for citizens and travellers alike. To truly appreciate the majestic scale and brilliance of Gaudi’s work, it is advisable to stay in centrally-located hotels in Barcelona and explore each and every architectural twist and turn that the city has to offer.

What’s more, there’s the huge Olympic Stadium with its 55,000 capacity, the world-renowned Picasso Museum with some 3,500 original artworks and the world-class football team with their many successes. Barcelona really is outstanding in every way – it does nothing by halves, but it carries all this beauty and brilliance with a modest grace, rather than arrogance.

There is also a quiet and more humble side to Barcelona. Visitors can retreat into the calming mountainous areas – like Conca de Barbera – should they crave a little more tranquillity. It is a botanical and hilly region where visitors can appreciate the city’s superior organic and natural beauty, with its medieval villages and monasteries. Then perhaps the best way to round off a perfect day is with a stroll along a section of the nearly 3 miles of golden sand coastline.

This stunning Spanish city presents itself as the ideal choice for anyone looking for a holiday destination that guarantees to exceed all expectations.